Geography important Questions for Upcoming JKSSB Exams

Geography important Questions for Upcoming JKSSB Exams 


Q1. The Sunderban forest lies in the vast delta on the Bay of

Bengal formed by the super confluence of the Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers

across southern Bangladesh. The seasonally flooded Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests

lie inland from the mangrove forests on the coastal fringe. The forest covers 10,000

km of which about 6,000 are in Bangladesh. It became inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1997.


Q2.) Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world. It lies in between

Canada and USA.

Q3.  Mariana Trench is located in the floor of Western Pacific Ocean.

Q4.A hot local wind blowing in Sahara desert is known as Harmattan.


The Harmattan is a dry and dusty West African trade wind. This northeasterly wind blows from

the Sahara into the Gulf of Guinea between the end of November and the middle of March.

The temperatures can be as low as 3 degrees Celsius.


Q5. Tropopause is the upper limit of the troposphere and therefore it constitutes the boundary between Troposphere and the Stratosphere.



Q6.  Atmospheric layer which reflects radio waves is called Ionosphere.

The ionosphere is a region of the upper atmosphere, from about 85 km (53 mi) to 600 km (370mi) altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere. It is distinguished because it is ionized by solar radiation. It plays an important part in atmospheric electricity and forms the inner edge of the magnetosphere. It has practical

importance because, among other functions, it influences radio propagation to distant places on the Earth.


Q7. Roaring forties are the high velocity which winds blow persistently from the

west areas between latitudes 40 and 50 southin the Southern Hemisphere.

Q8. Ans. (c) Hurricane is the cyclonic storm occurring over the Caribbean sea.



Q9. The ozone layer refers to a region of Earth’s stratosphere that absorbs most of

the Sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation Ultra Violet radiation is very harmful to all living things.

UV radiation can be harmful to the skin and is the main cause of sunburn; excessive

exposure can also cause cataracts, immune system suppression, and genetic damage, and

skin cancer.

Q10. The Tuareg is a pastoral nomad living in the desert of Sahara. They are found in

Algeria, Mali Burkina Faso and Niger.

Q11.  Largest Coral Reef of the world is in Australia named the Great Barrier Reef

composed of over 2900 individual reefs and 900 islands.


Q12.  Pampas is the mid Latitude grass land in the South America.


Q13.  Savanna has a transitional type of climate which is bounded between equatorial

rain forest and semi-arid and subtropical humid climate. Others are called mid-latitude



Q14. The Ruhr basin is the famous Industrial region of Germany. Formerly

Germany’s coal-mining region, the “Ruhrgebiet’ forms one of the largest conurbations in

Europe with 5 million residents and is now known for its diverse and vibrant cultural scene.


Q15. Kimberley is famous for diamond mining. The Big Hole, Open Mine or

Kimberley Mine is an open-pit and underground mine in Kimberley, South Africa, and

claimed to be the largest hole excavated by hand.



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